u-v-x-y-z

U

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u.e.                    (see "utenfor ekteskap") (abbr.)
ue                      (see "utenfor ekteskap") (abbr.)
ug.                     (see "ugift") (abbr.)
udfl. bet               (see "udflytning betalt") (abbr.)
u-schichelighet         (see "uskikkelighet")
uaegte                  (see "uekte")
uagtet                  (see "uaktet")
uaktet                  notwithstanding
ubetydelig              slight, insignificant, unimportant, trifling
Ubekjendt               unknown
uden                    (see "uten")
udi                     from, in (archaic)
udflytning betalt       emigration fee paid
udflyttede              moved out. e.g. (moved out of parish)
udføre                  (see "utføre")
udgivet                 (see "utgitt")
udholde                 (see "utholde")
udkommanderet           (see "utkommandert")
udlæggelser             explanations
udnævnt                 (see "utnevnt")
udskiftningsformand     a supervisor of estate distribution. Was usually a man that 
                        was highly respected. He and two others made a suggestion 
                        how to join small divided piece of land into a bigger unit. 
                        He had to bear in mind that no one should loose on such a 
                        merging. At last he had to negotiate a solution that all 
                        the farmers could approve.
udslått                 grassy piece of the outlying field
udtraadt                mostly "gone out " of the congregation, presumably the 
                        Norwegian State  Church
udtraadt samfund        withdrawn from society (church)
udtraadte               outgoing (member going out of the Lutheran church), 
                        the persons have renounced their memberships
udyktig                 incapable
udygtigheds pas         passport of disability (literally), documentat showing 
                        that he was unfit for mlitary service
udøpt                   not baptized
uekte                   (see "utenfor ekteskap")
uaegtefodte             (see "utenfor ekteskap")
uff-da                  a weak fit of ill temper; Oh, my god
uforfærdede             fearless
uformellt               informal, (casual wear)
uforvarende             unexpectedly, unawares, accidentally, inadvertently
ufør                    crippled
ug.                     abbr. for "ugift" (abbr.)
uge                     (see "uke") (archaic)
uger                    (see "uker") (archaic)
ugift                   single, not married
uhuglege tilburden      unpleasant event
uhrmager                (see "urmaker")
uk.                     (see "ungkar") (abbr.)
uke                     week
uker                    weeks
ukjent                  unknown, foreign
uld                     (see "ull")
uldvare                 (see "ullvare")
ulendt                  difficult to traverse, rugged, pathless, trackless
ulovlig                 illegal
ulykke                  accident
ulykkelig               unhappy
ull                     wool
ullvare                 products of wool
ullvarefabrikk          woollen goods factory, woollen mill
ult.                    (see "ultimo")
ultimo                  ultimate
umoralsk                immoral
umyndig                 under legal age
under                   under, below
under                   miracle. marvel, wonder
underfor                under lining
underholde              support, maintain
                        entertain
Underholdes af sine midler    maintained by her (own) means.
underlig                strange/odd/peculiar
underofficerskole       non-commissioned officer
underskrevne            the undersigned
underskrift             signature
underskrive             to sign
understøttes            (see "underholde")
understøttelse          support, aid, assistance
undertegne              to sign
undertegnet             signed
undertoldbetjent        customs officer (of lower rank)
undervisningsmetodikken method of education
undlate                 (see "unnlate")
ung                     young
ungdommsskole           school, starts at 13; grades 8 throrugh 10
uk                      (see "ungkar")
ungk                    (see "ungkar")
ungkar                  bachelor, unmarried man
ungkarl                 (see "ungkar") (archaic)
ungl                    (see "ungkar") (abbr.)
unnlate                 feoø. neglect, omit
unntatt                 except
ur                      watch
urmaker                 watch-maker
usikker                 doubtful, uncertain, insecure, unsafe, risky, unsteady
Usikker ektestatus      uncertain marriage status
uskikkelighet           naughtiness, improper
uskyldig                innocent
ussel                   miserable, poor
usømmelig               indecent
ut                      out
utanriks                (see "utenriks")
utarma                  worn out, improverished
utdannelse              education
Utdannelse i Norge      Education in Norway
utdrag                  extract
utdø                    extinct, die out
utdødd                  extinct, died out
uten                    without
utenfor                 outside of
utenfor ekteskap        out of wedlock, illegitimate, child born outside the marriage (church)
utenlands               abroad
utenom                  outside, on the outside, round, outside of
utenomekteskaplig       out of wedlock
utenriks                foreign
utenpåskrift            outside address
utflytning              moving out
utflytte                move out from
utflyttede              moving from an area(moving out)
utgiftene               expenses
utkommd                 (see "utkommandert")
utkommandert            called up, mobilized; called out (soldier)
utmeldte                resigning or withdrawing (in churchbook)
utedo                   outhouse
                        pit privy (with a hole in the ground)
utføre                  perform, do
utgi                    publish
utgitt                  published, edited
utholde                 endure
uthus                   outhouse, outbuilding
uti                     at, in
utkommandere            call up, mobilize
utkommandert            mobilize
utlagt                  named as, alleged
utlandet                foreign country, abroad
utleige                 for hire
utlignet skatt          assessed tax
utlose                  (see "utløse")
utløse                  redeem
                        start, provoke, release
utnevnt                 appointed
utraat                  (see "udtraadt samfund")
utpreget                emphatically
utskilt                 partitioned/divided from
utskriftsformat         printer friendly form
utstrykning             (see "overstrykning")
utukt                   lechery, fornication
utv.                    (see "utvandret") (abbr.)
utvalg                  committee
                        selection
utvandre                emigrate
utvandrer               emigrant
utvandret               emigrated
utvandret senere        emigrated later on
utvandring              emigration
utvandringsprotokoll    emigrant register
utviklingshemmet        mentally retarded
utvise                  expel, send out, order out
                        show, display
uvett                   folly, unwisdom, imprudence
uvær                    bad weather, storm
utyske                  monster
uønsket                 unwanted, unwished for, undesirable
uægte                   (see "uekte") (archaic)
uår                     bad year, crop failure

V

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vaabenarb               (see "våpenarbeider")
vaaningshus             (sse "våningshus")
vad                     fishing gear, i.e. fishline, seine
                        what
vadmel                  thick homespun and woven wool cloth (for skirts and trousers)
vadmelskjol             homespun dress (suit)
vadskepige              (see "vaskepiker")
vadtræk                 the way to draw the net in fishing
vaegter                 (see "vekter")
vakre                   beautiful, handsome
vaksinasjon             vaccination, inoculation
vaksinasjonsattest      certificate of vaccination, vaccination certificate
vaksinasjonsprotokoll   vaccination register
vaksinert               vaccinated
vaksne                  (see "voksne")
vanfør                  crippled, disabled
vanlegaste              the usual
vann                    water, lake
vanningsanlegg          a construction for spreding the water on the fields
vanskapt                deformed, handicapped
vanskeligstilte         people with large problem
vansott                 dropsy
vanvare                 accidentally
vanvittig               insane, mad, deranged, foolish
var                     was, were
var strøket over i KB   deleted in the churchbook
vart                    was (nn)
vaskehus                a local and private lundry
vaskekone               cleaner, charwoman, cleaning woman
vaskepike               a cleaning girl/woman, girl who works at a laundry, maid
vaskeriarbeider         laundry worker
vassbrunn synnafor      water well to the south
vatningsanlegg          (see "vanningsanlegg")
vattersot               (see "vansott")
vdj                     (see "udi")  (archaic)
ved                     at, by
                        firewood
ved siden av            next to
ved "Syv Slet"          at seven o'clock (archaic)
vedhugning              (see "vedhugging")
vedhugging              wood cutting, wood splitting, the chopping of logs for fire wood.
vedkommende             person concerned
vegarbeidar             (see "veiarbeider")
veger                   (see "veier")
veggklokke              wall clock 
vegvaktar               (see "veivokter")
vegvokter               (see "veivokter")
vej                     (see "vei")
vejarbeidar             (see "veiarbeider")
vejarbeider             (see "veiarbeider")
vei                     road
veiarbeider             roadworker, one who was building or repairing roads
veivokter               roadman. He is looking after a certain part of the road.
veier                   roads
vekse opp               grow up (nn)
vekter                  public watchman in a town
vel bekomme             you are welcome, is a standard reply to "takk for maten"
Velagtbare              a respected person
veldig                  very
velge                   select, pick, pick out
                        be elected, get in
velsigne                bless
velsignet               blessed, confounded, wonderful, heavenly
velstand                prosperity
velvilligheten          the benevolence, friendliness, goodwill
Velærværdig Herr Jacob  Reverend Mr Jacob
venn                    friend
vennskap                friendship
venstre                 left (side)
verbror                 brother-in-law (nn)
verdotter               daughter-in-law (nn)
verdsett                valued
verdslig                temporal, secular, worldly, mundane
verdslige makt (den - ) the secular power
veret                   (see "været")
verfar                  (see "svigerfar")nn
verge                   guardian
verit                   (see "var")
verksarbeidar           Worker on a factory
verkseier               factory owner
verkstad                (see "verksted")
verksted                workshop, repair shop, works
vermor                  (see "svigermor") nn
verneplikt              military duty
vernepliktsbok          handbook or folder, issued to person of draft age, 
                        which contains his registration, information on 
                        military service, etc.
verson                  (se "svigersønn") nn
versøster               sister-in-law (nn)
vertshus                inn, guesthouse
vesener                 creatures, beings
vest                    west
                        waistcoat
vester                  (see "vestre")
vestre                  western
veterinær               veterinary surgeon, veterinarian (US)
vever                   weaver
veveriarbeider          Worker in a weaving factory
vevsje                  reed
vesjemaker              Weave-spool maker
vi                      we
vi er glad på dine vegne   We are very happy for you
vidare                  (see "videre")
videre                  further
videregående skole      school, starts at 16; grades 1 thorught 3
vidne                   (see "vitne")
vidunderlig             wonderful, marvellous
viede                   (see "viet")
vielse                  marriage, wedding
vielsesattest           marriage certificate
viet                    married
vigd                    (see "viet")
vigelse                 marriage
vik                     bay, inlet
vikariater              stand in for
viker                   coves, inlets
                        a receding hairline is called viker
                        yielding, giving way
                        retreating from an enemy
                        departing, leaving
                        drawing back, receding, retreating, flinching
                        stepping aside
vilkaar                 (see "vilkår")
vilkår                  a pension paid by a new owner of land to the former owner
                        ("see also "kår")
vilkårskone             a lady on "vilkår"
villig                  willing
vinter                  winter
violin                  (see "fele")
viser til               refering to
visergutt               errand boy
Visningsformat          viewing format
vistnok                 surely
vite                    to know
vitne                   witness
                        testify
vitnesbyrd              testimony
vogn                    carriage, wagon, vehicle
vognfabrikk             wagon factory
vognhus                 car barn, buggy shed, wagon shed, house for wagons
vognmaker               wagon maker
vognmand                (see "vognmann")
vognmann                coachman
vognfører ved Christiania could be Kristiania elektriske Sporvei; 
                        Christiania electric tram; 
                        they had " 18 vognførere " in 1894. In America it would be 
                        motorman at the Kristiania Electric Tram.
voksne                  adult
vokter                  (see "vekter")
voldta                  rape
voldtekt                rape
voldtatt                raped
vor                     (see "vår")
vurdering               appreciation, evaluation, estimate, judgment, assessment
vurderingsmenn          The member of the "application assessment meeting"
vurderingsmann          A member of the "application assessment meeting"
vurderingsmøte          application assessment meeting; e.g. Programme Committee
vægter                  (see "vekter")
værdig                  worthy
være                    be
væreier                 owner of a fishing station, the owner of the area around
været                   weather
værfader                (see "svigerfar")
værge                   (see "verge") (archaic)
værksaib                (see "verksarbeidar")
vært                    (see "var")
værvarsling             weather forecast
væsener                 (see "vesener")
væver                   (see "vever")
væveriarbeider          (see "veveriarbeider")
våningshus              the house on a farm where people live, a farm house
våger                   old measurement
våpen                   coat of arms
                        Norwegian arms
                        weapon
våpenarbeider           it means that the person made weapons or ammuniton, 
                        most likely in a factory
vår                     our
                        spring
våre felles aner        our common ancestry
våronne                 the worktime at the farm in the spring
vårsildfiskeriene       spring herring fisheries

W

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W                       If you see a word starting with W, då also look for the 
                        same word starting with V
Welb.                   abbr. for Welbaarne
Welbaarne               born well, i.e. born to parents of a "high class". 
                        Ususally used a a title by nobility
wilkaarkone             (see "vilkårskone")
Wisergut                (see "visergutt")
wurderingsmand          (see "vurderingsmann")
WurderingsMænd          (see "vurderingsmenn")

X

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...

Y

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ymse (also Annet)       misc.
yndige                  charming, graceful, lovely
yngre                   younger
yngst                   youngest
yngste klasse           youngest class
yrke                    profession, occupation
ytterlegare             (see "ytterligere") (NN)
ytterligere             further
yttre                   (see "ytre")
ytre                    outer-most

Z

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